109年公務人員初等考試試題
等別:初等考試
類科:各類科
科目:公民與英文
考試時間: 1 小時
※注意:本試題為單選題,請選出一個正確或最適當的答案,複選作答者,該題不予計分。
本科目共50 題,每題2 分,須用2B 鉛筆在試卡上依題號清楚劃記,於本試題上作答者,不予計分。
禁止使用電子計算器。


1 依據民法規定,私法人可分為社團法人與財團法人兩種,下列相關敘述,何者正確?
(A)財團法人是以財產為基礎的營利團體(B)社團法人是以人的參與為基礎的志願團體
(C) A 企業是大財團,所以是財團法人的代表(D)社團法人的社員,皆是以營利為目的而參與

2 《魚線的盡頭》是一部剖析人類因過度捕撈對海洋造成衝擊及影響的紀錄片,主要目的在提醒我們,如果漁民
只想到增加短期的近利,消費者只要求價廉味美的海鮮,但卻未想到海洋生態及海洋生物多樣性已在快速衰
退,則我們的下一代將會面臨無魚可捕、無魚可吃的窘境。此片的宗旨在指出海洋永續發展所面臨的何種難題?
(A)鄰避效應(B)誘因不足(C)搭便車心態(D)共有財悲歌

3 下列有關大學生權利救濟的流程,何者錯誤?
(A)得依學校的申訴制度提出申訴(B)不服學校申訴決定得向上級主管機關提起訴願
(C)不服訴願決定得向行政法院提起行政訴訟(D)不服行政法院判決,得向監察院聲請憲法解釋

4 公民老師在課堂上請同學針對美國、德國、法國與我國總統的職權進行比較,下列說法何者正確?
(A)除德國外,其他三國總統均為實權元首
(B)美國及德國總統均可用否決權反制國會通過的法案
(C)美國及法國總統須至國會接受議員質詢
(D)法國及我國總統均可主動解散國會(立法院)

5 出身不同階層的子女在選詞、用字及句法等各方面有顯著不同;而學校的課程、教學、考試測驗工具,其本質
都是語文,偏向中上階層的「精緻的語言法則」,將影響這些人的學業成就。以上所述應在討論下列何者對學
生學習的影響?
(A)文化資本(B)社會資本(C)物質資本(D)人力資本

6 近年歐洲某些反移民團體組織不滿歐洲逐漸「伊斯蘭化」,開始號召群眾上街反移民和反穆斯林。這些反移民
組織的行動,展現出何種想法?
(A)文明進化論(B)種族中心主義(C)全球公民意識(D)多元文化主義

7 芒草心慈善協會有鑑於街友長期受到社會隔離,總是被視為地區的毒瘤而失去尊嚴,因此提出「街遊Hidden
Taipei」計畫,一方面希望街友能透過街頭導覽工作,重拾尊嚴和生活目標,另一方面也讓社會重新認識街友,
增加彼此的信任,使社會更和諧。依上所述,下列何者正確?
(A)透過「街遊Hidden Taipei」計畫,有助於社會資本的累積
(B)訓練街友成為社區導覽員,將有助於文化位階的形成
(C)該協會是民間團體,無法補政府社會福利政策的不足
(D)透過導覽收入改善街友生活,因此該協會屬營利團體

8 全美多地均有「同志驕傲月」慶祝活動,但發生了史上最慘重的槍擊案,槍手持步槍闖入同志夜店內進行屠殺。
依以上所述,兇嫌針對特定族群的屠殺行為,顯示其可能缺乏下列何者?
(A)異性戀霸權(B)性別主流化(C)性別多元化(D)性別社會化

9 民主國家的政黨透過演講、宣傳的方式向人民表達政治主張,增進民眾的政治知識,使民眾對政治產生興趣,
並了解政治運作的方式。以上敘述說明政黨的何種功能?
(A)培植政治生力軍(B)組織或監督政府(C)回應與匯聚民意(D)促進政治社會化

10 我國正式承認兩岸分裂分治的事實,不再將中共視為叛亂團體,是始於下列何者?
(A)解除戒嚴(B)舉行辜汪會談(C)我國退出聯合國(D)終止動員戡亂時期

11 2015 年法國國會通過立法,強制大型超市捐贈未售出但還能食用的食品給慈善機構。而我國亦規劃社會救助
法修正草案,新增實物給付專章,將設置「實物銀行」規定納入法源。若以我國現行社會政策來看,下列敘述
何者最能說明上述兩者的作法?
(A)放寬貧窮線,將實物救濟納入救助方式之一(B)活絡社會資源,擴大社會安全制度照顧層面
(C)廢除現金給付,提供弱勢家庭實際所需物資(D)公私協力模式,已成社會安全推動主要途徑

12 2015 年委內瑞拉國內經濟急速衰退,180 萬民眾連署要求總統馬杜羅(Nicolás Maduro)下台,反對黨也打算
提出罷免總統的公投案;馬杜羅宣布委內瑞拉進入緊急狀態,同時進行大規模鎮壓。依據前文推判,下列敘述
何者正確?
(A)進入緊急狀態的委內瑞拉屬於君主獨裁國型態
(B) 180 萬民眾連署要求總統下台彰顯政黨政治特色
(C)經濟秩序失控顯示委內瑞拉的「安全」功能並未發揮
(D)若公投罷免總統成功,則馬杜羅不具統治的正當性


13 2008 年雲林縣台西鄉五港村,由當地學生團體、社區發展協會、環保團體等自發舉辦「社區公民會議」,關
注觀光發展、產業升級和淹水三個議題,歷經五天討論後,摒除多數決模式,居民形成的共識為反對工業進駐
當地,並認為產業與信仰都是當地可發展的觀光優勢。以上所述最接近下列何種民主理論?
(A)審議民主理論(B)經驗民主理論(C)古典民主理論(D)直接民主理論

14 我國於2016 年1 月16 日辦理第14 屆正副總統選舉,順利選出正副總統並於5 月20 日就職。依上所述判斷,
下列何者正確?
(A)依據憲法規定,總統必須兼任該黨的黨主席
(B)總統公布法律、發布命令都須由副總統副署
(C)選民最遲需於2015 年9 月15 日起連續居住我國境內才符合投票條件
(D)總統任命之行政院院長,可不具黨員身分,亦不需具有公務人員資格

15 依我國現行選舉制度,下列何者所採取的選舉制度與其他三者不同?
(A)山地原住民立法委員(B)平地原住民立法委員(C)直轄市議員(D)全國不分區立法委員

16 依我國憲法及相關法律規定,下列何者須經由行政院院長副署之程序?
(A)解散立法院之命令(B)司法院大法官任免令
(C)行政院院長任免命令(D)經立法院三讀通過之法律案

17 法國第五共和採行「雙首長制」,而我國與法國政府體制接近但有差異。下列有關兩國政府體制之比較,何者
正確?
(A)總統任命閣揆皆須國會同意(B)總統皆具有主動解散國會權
(C)兩國皆有「左右共治」憲政慣例(D)兩國總統及閣揆皆具有行政權

18 志明與好友阿欽之妻春嬌通姦,春嬌懷孕產下一子,志明感到愧疚而自殺身亡,春嬌向丈夫坦承孩子的生父是
志明,但阿欽選擇原諒,並視如己出。依民法判斷,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)孩子於出生前即已享有志明遺產之繼承權(B)孩子為阿欽的婚生子女,阿欽有扶養義務
(C)若欲使孩子認祖歸宗,春嬌必須與阿欽離婚(D)阿欽須辦理收養,孩子才能取得遺產繼承權

19 若我國總統選舉之當選人涉嫌以違法不當方法當選,其他候選人提出當選無效之訴,依法應由何者審判?
(A)憲法法庭(B)臺北高等行政法院(C)臺北地方法院(D)臺灣高等法院

20 貨車司機小智,某日將貨車停在停車場並在車上休息,未料中華客運公車司機阿明竟因酒駕,公車失控衝入停
車場撞上小智,導致小智身亡。依法律規定,下列關於本案之敘述,何者正確?
(A)中華客運公司非行為人,應由阿明個人負賠償責任
(B)阿明與中華客運公司應負連帶賠償責任
(C)因阿明酒駕,將被依刑法故意殺人罪起訴
(D)因阿明涉及殺人罪,故所涉之民刑事案件都不能和解

21 某立法委員至地方檢察署按鈴申告,指稱某政務官貪污與瀆職,要求檢察官調查。該立法委員作為屬於下列何
者?
(A)告發(B)告訴(C)自訴(D)自首

22 某竊盜犯行竊時恰遇警察巡邏,警察將該嫌犯壓制在地,造成其輕微擦傷,嫌犯反抗咬了警察一口,最後仍被
隨後趕來支援的警察逮捕。下列敘述何者正確?
(A)警察追捕過程中造成嫌犯擦傷,對此警察可主張緊急避難
(B)嫌犯抗拒警察逮捕而攻擊警察,對此嫌犯可主張正當防衛
(C)警察追捕過程中造成嫌犯擦傷,對此警察可主張依法令的行為
(D)嫌犯抗拒警察逮捕而攻擊警察,對此嫌犯可主張業務正當行為

23 大雄與靜香婚後育有一子小雄,然靜香卻發現大雄與阿珠婚外情,並生下一女小花。靜香於是與大雄離婚,獨
自扶養小雄,並讓小雄改從母姓。大雄後因意外過世,留下遺產1200 萬元,既無負債也無遺囑。下列敘述何
者正確?
(A)靜香與阿珠皆非大雄的配偶,兩人都無法分得遺產
(B)小花在法律上非大雄子女,無法繼承大雄遺產
(C)靜香、阿珠、小雄與小花可各得大雄遺產300 萬元
(D)小花在繼承權利上不如小雄,分得的遺產較小雄少

24 人民為抗議政府未遵循正當程序通過與鄰國的貿易協定,嚴重衝擊本國產業並影響人民生計,乃糾眾到國會表
達訴求。上述行為是在行使何種憲法基本權利?
(A)結社自由(B)遷徙自由(C)言論自由(D)人身自由

25 某婦人在公園內辱罵老榮民的影片,經網路瘋傳與媒體報導後,引發社會的關注與討論。若該婦人辱罵老榮民
而觸犯公然侮辱罪,應是直接侵害了下列何種法益?
(A)個人法益(B)族群法益(C)社會法益(D)國家法益

26 聯合國兒童基金會曾指出,由於政治紛爭,許多地區爆發衝突事件,約有50 萬兒童逃離家園,其中約有12
萬兒童未得到基本醫療照顧,超過8 萬名缺乏安全飲用水,20 多萬名失學。上述兒童處境,涉及下列何種權
利?
(A)政治權(B)社會權(C)環境權(D)自由權


27 近來石油價格下跌,汽車的銷售量因而增加,而電動機車的銷售量則下滑。在其他條件不變的情形下,下列敘
述何者正確?
(A)消費者對汽車的需求量增加(B)消費者對電動機車的需求增加
(C)消費者對汽車的需求增加(D)消費者對汽油的需求增加

28 某研究報告指出,每天喝2 杯咖啡,可降低肝硬化的機率高達44%,國內民眾因為該項研究報告而願意多喝
咖啡。在其他條件不變的情況,以咖啡價格為縱軸,咖啡數量為橫軸,下列關於國內咖啡市場變動的敘述,何
者正確?
(A)咖啡需求量增加(B)咖啡需求量減少(C)咖啡需求線左移(D)咖啡需求線右移

29 當我國景氣持續低迷時,則中央銀行可採取下列何種因應措施?
(A)發放消費券給全體國民(B)在金融市場上賣出債券(C)降低銀行的存款準備率(D)增加失業補助金的發放

30 工業革命後,北方國家與南方國家因長期經濟與資源的差距而形成南北衝突。下列敘述何者正確?
(A)南方國家向北方國家出口廉價且低科技產品(B)北方國家經濟開發較晚,國民平均所得較低
(C)不平等的貿易關係形成南北國家間貧富差距(D)政府腐敗造成經濟環境惡劣才無法改變衝突

31 歐洲、日本面對通貨緊縮時,相繼推出負利率政策來因應。就短期而言,通貨緊縮最可能為其國內帶來下列何
種影響?
(A)對債務人有利,但是對債權人較不利(B)貿易上對出口不利,但對進口較有利
(C)對於公務員此類的固定收入者較有利(D)實際購買力上升,可拉抬生產與就業

32 阿財是個上班族,工作時薪150 元且每餐固定支出80 元,某日因家裡有事請假三小時並花費100 元搭計程車
趕回家,工作則由同事阿富代班,事後阿財請阿富吃200 元的商業午餐作為答謝,自己也吃了一份。根據以上
敘述,阿財這次請假的機會成本為多少?
(A) 420 元(B) 500 元(C) 870 元(D) 950 元

33 由於民眾申請發明專利案件日益增多,造成經濟部智慧財產局積案日益嚴重。該局為快速消化積案,訂定「發
明專利加速審查作業方案」,以縮短發明專利申請案等待審查時間。經濟部智慧財產局的作法,在經濟發展上
具有下列何種意義?
(A)累積社會資本,降低交易的成本(B)改進人造資本,提升經濟的效率
(C)改善政府效能,保障無體財產權(D)提升人力資本,以創造知識經濟

34 在下列何種條件下,市場機能可以達到最大的經濟效率?
(A)政府實施數量管制(B)政府實施價格下限
(C)政府實施價格上限(D)供需雙方在均衡價格及均衡數量上成交

35 各國政府的支出,除了給人民福利,也會影響總體經濟表現。下列關於政府支出項目的配對,何者錯誤?
(A)移轉性支出:失業救濟金(B)投資性支出:國防軍事採購
(C)消費性支出:公務人員薪水(D)債務利息支出:公債利息支出

36 I have heard many different _____ of the same story, and they all have a sad ending.
(A) tunes (B) covers (C) bindings (D) versions

37 Among the top cell phone makers, their smart phone products have always been known for their quality design
and attention to .
(A) bill (B) silence (C) confidence (D) detail

38 It’s not difficult to _____ the new printer if you follow the instructions carefully.
(A) set up (B) set in (C) set off (D) set out

39 When you are asked to _____ an article, you need to summarize and evaluate the author’s ideas.
(A) murmur (B) review (C) handle (D) stimulate

40 People are curious where Anita got her hair cut because she looks _____ with her new hair style.
(A) likely (B) necessary (C) terrific (D) possible

請依下文回答第41 題至第45 題
A trip to the art museum could have turned into a very costly trip for a 12-year-old boy in Taipei when he lost his
balance and put his hand through a painting worth around $1.5 million. The damaged work, “Flowers” by Italian
master Paolo Porpora, was part of a Taipei exhibition of artwork by or influenced by Leonardo da Vinci. Porpora was
a 41 still life artist who produced baroque-style paintings, often of fruit and flowers. The work was 200cm tall,
depicting flowers in a vase. The film 42 by the organizers of the “Face of Leonardo: Images of a Genius”
exhibition shows the boy – in shorts, sneakers, a blue T-shirt and holding a drink – walk past the painting,
catching his foot and stumbling over. He looks up at the painting, shown later to have a fist-sized gash at the
bottom. The boy 43 , looking around at other people in the room. Organizers did not believe that the boy
intentionally vandalized the oil painting, saying that it was obvious that the boy did not mean to push it.“All 55
paintings in the venue are 44 pieces and they are very rare and precious,” a post on the exhibition’s Facebook
page said. “Once these works are damaged, they are permanently damaged.” Nevertheless, the exhibition organizers
decided not to 45 the boy for the damage and said that the painting could be easily restored. This incident,
however, made them reconsider displaying valuable paintings in the open.

41 (A) led (B) lead (C) leads (D) leading
42 (A) released (B) relied (C) replied (D) replaced
43 (A) sleeps (B) freezes (C) fails (D) scares
44 (A) authentic (B) fake (C) unreal (D) novel
45 (A) chase (B) choose (C) change (D) charge

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itself as the world’s largest online time-exchange platform. Bliive looks and feels like a social media platform. Its
users trade services, including guitar lessons, air conditioner repairs and tarot card readings, without any cash or credit
card transactions. For each hour of service provided, the user receives Time Money, with which they can buy another
service. Maritza earned almost 40 hours’ worth of Bliive services. With that much Time Money, she was able to create
her own website about breathing techniques, including her own branding. Each person offers his help in one-hour
chunks, and people who have “exchanged” Time Money can rate and review the quality of the service provided.
Bliive was founded a year and a half ago by Lorrana Scarpioni, a 24-year-old public relations student. She now
employs a team of about a dozen people in Sao Paulo. She came up with the idea after watching documentaries about
the sharing economy and alternative currencies. “If people were willing to engage in couch surfing-letting complete
strangers into their houses-surely there was a potential for exchanging something as simple as one hour of a service,”
Lorrana says. “Bliive is a collaborative network of time exchange. We see this platform as a movement that shows
people the real value of exchanges and how they can develop themselves this way.”
Bliive takes the concept of the sharing economy-popularized by platforms including Uber and Airbnb-a step
further. It creates a new channel between the supply and demand of services, and does away with conventional cash
altogether. More than 90,000 services are on offer on the website, making it larger than other barter-based sites. “The
no-money-involved transferences can be a great alternative to keep people developing themselves. We see a lot of
people who have graduated with very nice degrees, but they don’t have jobs,” she says. While Bliive aims to become
more profitable, Lorrana is keen to retain its core values. “We use these talents and values to create a world that is
more collaborative and less competitive, more focused on the value of people, not just the value of money,” she says.

46 According to this passage, what is true about Bliive?
(A) Its users trade currencies around the world.
(B) Its users learn to compete for Time Money.
(C) Its users do collaborative network of time exchange.
(D) Its users find dates from the social media based in Brazil.

47 What do Bliive users receive for their services?
(A) Face-to-face yoga training. (B) Free round-trip tickets to Brazil.
(C) Virtual money to buy anything on the platform. (D) Other services in exchange for the time they serve.

48 Who is Lorrana Scarpioni?
(A) The founder of Bliive. (B) The yoga trainer on Bliive.
(C) The author of Sharing Economy. (D) The director of Sharing Economy.

49 What does the figure “90,000” refer to in the last paragraph?
(A) The total number of users on Bliive.
(B) The total revenue generated by Bliive.
(C) The current amount of services available on Bliive.
(D) The current number of players competing on Bliive.

50 Which of the following statements best describes the core value of Bliive?
(A) To provide alternative currencies online.
(B) To cancel all conventional cash transactions.
(C) To create a new channel of time management.
(D) To show that people are to be valued more than money.

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