WHAT IS THE GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSION TEST?

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is a standardized test used by business schools as a tool to decide whom they are going to let into their MBA programs.

Where Does the GMAT Come From?

 

The GMAT is published and administered by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC). GMAC is a private company. 

What Does the Test Look Like?

The GMAT is offered only on computer. The 3.5-hour test is administered at a secure computer terminal at an approved testing center. You enter your multiple-choice answers on the screen with a mouse; you must compose your essay for the Writing Assessment section on the computer as well.

 

1. One 30-minute essay to be written on the computer with a generic word-processing program

 

2. One 30-minute, 12-question, multiple-choice Integrated Reasoning section. Some Integrated Reasoning questions can have multiple parts.

(optional break)

 

3. A 62-minute, 31-question multiple-choice Quantitative section

(optional break)

 

4. A 65-minute, 36-question multiple-choice Verbal section

 

 On average, this would give you two minutes for each quantitative question and a little less than two minutes for each verbal question—but you will find that our Princeton Review strategies will slightly revise these times. You must answer a question in order to get to the next question—which means that you can’t skip a question and come back to it. And while you are not required to finish any of the sections, your score will be adjusted downward to reflect questions you did not complete.

On each of the Quantitative and Verbal sections, approximately one-quarter of the questions you encounter will be experimental and will not count toward your score.

 

These questions, which will be mixed in among the regular questions, are there so the test company can try out new questions for future tests. We’ll have much more to say about the experimental questions later.

 

 But Wait, There’s More

One of the first options you’ll encounter when taking the GMAT is the option to choose from one of three possible orders for the exam sections. You pick your preferred section order on the day of the test.

 

Here are the possible section orders:

 

什麼是研究生管理入學考試(GMAT)?

 

研究生管理入學考試(GMAT)是商學院使用的一種標準化測試,可用來決定他們打算招收誰參加MBA課程。

GMAT來自哪裡?

GMAT由研究生入學管理委員會(GMAC)發布和管理。 GMAC是一家私人公司。 

測試是什麼樣的?

GMAT僅在計算機上提供。 3.5小時的測試在認可的測試中心的安全計算機終端上進行。 您可以使用鼠標在屏幕上輸入多項選擇答案。 您還必須在計算機上撰寫“寫作評估”部分的文章。

 

 

1.用通用文字處理程序在計算機上寫一篇30分鐘的論文

 

2. 1個30分鐘,12個問題的多項選擇綜合推理部分。 一些綜合推理問題可以包含多個部分。

(可選的休息時間)

 

3. 62分鐘,31個問題的多項選擇題

(可選的休息時間)

 

4. 65分鐘,36個問題的多項選擇口語部分

 

平均而言,這將使您每個量化問題有兩分鐘,而每個口頭問題則少於兩分鐘,但是您會發現我們的《普林斯頓評論》策略會略微修改這些時間。 您必須回答一個問題才能轉到下一個問題-這意味著您不能跳過一個問題再回到它。 並且,雖然您不需要完成任何部分,但您的分數將向下調整以反映您未完成的問題。

 

在每個“定量”和“口頭”部分,您遇到的問題中約有四分之一是實驗性的,不會計入您的分數。

 

這些問題將混合在常規問題中,因此測試公司可以嘗試新的問題以進行將來的測試。 稍後,我們將對實驗問題進行更多說明。

 

在每個“定量”和“口頭”部分,您遇到的問題中約有四分之一是實驗性的,不會計入您的分數。

 

這些問題將混合在常規問題中,因此測試公司可以嘗試新的問題以進行將來的測試。 稍後,我們將對實驗問題進行更多說明。

 

How Do You Know What Order to Pick?

The answer to that depends on your goals for the test and your level of comfort with the different sections. Are you looking to get a high Quantitative score, but you don’t care so much about the Verbal? Has your school told you they never consider the essay and Integrated Reasoning section? Are you good at Verbal but not so good at Quantitative?

 

The answer to these questions and other questions like them help to inform your section order choice.

 

How Does This Impact Your Studying?

We recommend that you take your first two tests using the classic order. A major goal of your first practice test is to simply get acquainted with the sections, question types, content, and timing of the GMAT. A major goal of your second practice test is to start putting into use some of the basic approaches for important question types.

 

Taking your first two tests using the classic section order provides a baseline score. Having established a baseline score, you can then try out different section orders for the remaining tests. Compare the results of the tests with different section orders to the results of the tests with the classic section order and see if there are any improvements.

 

In addition to looking for score improvements, you should also pay attention to a handful of other factors about your preferences in test taking.

您如何知道要選擇什麼順序?

答案取決於您的測試目標以及不同部分的舒適度。 您是否希望獲得較高的定量得分,但您不太在意口頭表達? 您的學校有沒有告訴過您,他們從不考慮論文和綜合推理部分? 您是否擅長言語,但不擅長量化?

 

 

這些問題以及其他類似問題的答案有助於告知您的部分訂單選擇。

 

這對您的學習有何影響?

我們建議您使用經典順序進行前兩個測試。 首次練習測試的主要目標是僅熟悉GMAT的部分,問題類型,內容和時間。 第二次練習測試的主要目標是針對重要的問題類型開始使用一些基本方法。

 

使用經典節順序進行前兩個測試將提供基線分數。 建立基線分數後,您可以為其餘測試嘗試不同的章節順序。 將具有不同分節順序的測試結果與具有經典分節順序的測試結果進行比較,看看是否有任何改進。

 

除了尋求提高分數外,您還應該注意一些其他有關考試偏好的因素。

For instance, do you like to ease into a test or hit the ground running? If you like to ease into a test, you may want to stick with the classic section order. While all parts of your GMAT score are important, most schools do attach less importance to your AWA (Analytical Writing Assessment) and Integrated Reasoning scores than your Quantitative and Verbal scores. Remember, as well, that only the Quantitative and Verbal scores are used in calculating the overall score. So, if you like to ease into a test, the AWA and Integrated Reasoning can provide that way to ease in.

 

Do you like to do the section you’re most worried about first? Some test-takers like to get the section that they are most worried about out of the way. If that’s you, you’ll probably want to pick either the Verbal First or Quantitative First orders, depending on which section you are most worried about!

 

Are you worried about fatigue? Most test-takers find the GMAT both fast-paced and tiring. Fatigue can be a very real issue. If you are worried about fatigue, you probably want to do either the Verbal First or Quantitative First orders as they place the two least consequential sections at the end of the test.

例如,您是否喜歡參加測試或開始嘗試?如果您想簡化測試,則可能要遵循經典的部分順序。儘管您的GMAT分數的所有部分都很重要,但是大多數學校的確對您的AWA(分析寫作評估)和綜合推理分數的重視程度不如定量和口頭分數。同樣要記住,在計算總分時只使用了定量和口頭得分。因此,如果您希望簡化測試,AWA和集成推理可以提供簡化方法。

 

您想先做最擔心的部分嗎?一些應試者喜歡擺脫他們最擔心的部分。如果是這樣,您可能要選擇“語言優先”或“數量優先”的訂單,具體取決於您最擔心的部分!

 

您擔心疲勞嗎?大多數應試者都發現GMAT既快又累。疲勞可能是一個非常現實的問題。如果您擔心疲勞,則可能要執行“語言優先”或“數量優先”命令,因為它們會將兩個最不重要的部分放在測試的結尾。

What Information Is Tested on the GMAT?

You will find several different types of multiple-choice questions on the GMAT.

在GMAT上測試了哪些訊息?

您會在GMAT上找到幾種不同類型的多項選擇題。

Quantitative (31 questions total)

 

Problem Solving—approximately 16 questions

 

Data Sufficiency (a strange type of problem that exists on no other test in the world)—approximately 15 questions

 

Verbal (36 questions total)

 

Reading Comprehension (tests your ability to answer questions about a passage)—approximately 12 questions

 

Sentence Correction (a grammar-related question type)—approximately 14 questions

 

Critical Reasoning (a logic-based question type recycled from the LSAT)—approximately 10 questions

 

Integrated Reasoning (12 questions total)

 

Table Analysis—data is presented in a sortable table (like an Excel spreadsheet); each question usually has three parts.

 

Graphics Interpretation—a chart or graph is used to display data; each question usually has two parts; answers are selected from drop-down boxes.

 

Multi-Source Reasoning—information (a combination of charts, text, and tables) is presented on two or three tabs; each set of tabbed information is usually accompanied by three questions.

 

Two-Part Analysis—each question usually has five or six options of which you need to pick two.

定量(共31個問題)

 

解決問題-大約16個問題

 

數據充分性(世界上沒有其他測試可以解決的奇怪類型的問題)-大約15個問題

 

口頭(共36個問題)

 

閱讀理解能力(測試您回答有關段落的問題的能力)—大約12個問題

 

句子更正(與語法有關的問題類型)-大約14個問題

 

批判性推理(從LSAT回收的基於邏輯的問題類型)-大約10個問題

 

綜合推理(共12個問題)

 

表格分析-數據以可排序的表格形式顯示(例如Excel電子表格);每個問題通常分為三個部分。

 

圖形解釋-使用圖表來顯示數據;每個問題通常分為兩個部分;從下拉框中選擇答案。

 

多源推理-信息(圖表,文本和表格的組合)顯示在兩個或三個選項卡上;每套選項卡式信息通常伴隨著三個問題。

 

兩部分分析-每個問題通常有五個或六個選項,您需要選擇兩個。

How Is the GMAT Scored?

As soon as you’ve finished taking the GMAT, your computer will calculate and display your unofficial results, not including your Writing Assessment score. You can print a copy of your unofficial results to take with you. Within 20 days, you will receive your score report online; a written report will be available only by request.

 

Most people think of the GMAT score as a single number, but in fact there are five separate numbers:

 

Quantitative score (reported on a scale that runs from 6 to 51 in one-point increments)

 

Verbal score (reported on a scale that runs from 6 to 51 in one-point increments)

 

Total score (reported on a scale that runs from 200 to 800 and based only on the results of Quantitative and Verbal sections)

 

Analytic Writing Assessment score (reported on a scale of 0 to 6, in half-point increments; 6 is the highest score)

 

Integrated Reasoning score (reported on a scale from 1 to 8 in one-point increments)

 

The report will look something like this:

GMAT如何評分?

完成GMAT考試後,您的計算機將計算並顯示您的非正式成績,不包括您的寫作評估成績。您可以打印一份非官方結果的副本以隨身攜帶。在20天內,您將在線收到分數報告;書面報告僅應要求提供。

 

大多數人將GMAT分數視為一個數字,但實際上有五個單獨的數字:

 

定量分數(以從6分到51分(以1分為增量)的比例報告)

 

言語得分(以從6分到51分的等級(以一分為增量)進行報告)

 

總分(僅基於“定量”和“口頭”部分的結果,報告範圍為200到800)

 

分析性寫作評估分數(以0到6的等級報告,以半點為增量;最高分是6)

 

綜合推理得分(以1分為增量,從1到8進行評分)

 

該報告將如下所示:

Scores in the Quantitative and Verbal sections of the test are based on three factors: the number of questions you answer, whether you answered the question correctly, and the parameters of the question (such as difficulty). Your score improves if you answer more questions, answer them correctly, and answer them at a higher level of difficulty. Scores below 6 or above 51 are exceedingly rare.

考試的“定量”和“口頭”部分的分數基於三個因素:您回答的問題數量,您是否正確回答了問題以及問題的參數(例如難度)。 如果您回答更多的問題,正確回答並以較高的難度回答,則分數會提高。 低於6或高於51的分數非常罕見。

Many business schools tend to focus on the total score, which means that you may make up for weakness in one area by being strong in another. For example, if your quantitative skills are better than your verbal skills, they’ll help pull up your total score—although some of the more selective schools say they prefer to see math and verbal sub-scores that are balanced. According to GMAC, two-thirds of test-takers receive a total score between 400 and 600. Total scores go up or down in ten-point increments. In other words, you might receive 490 or 500 on the GMAT, but never 494 or 495.

 

The Integrated Reasoning section is scored from 1 to 8 in one-point increments. Questions have multiple parts, and you must answer each part correctly to get credit for the question. The Integrated Reasoning score is not included in the Overall score.

 

The score on the Analytical Writing Assessment section is based on the submission of one Analysis of an Argument essay. The essay is scored independently twice, and the average of the scores is taken. One of the scorers for the essay may be an automated essay-scoring engine.

 

You will also see a percentile ranking next to each score. For example, if you see a percentile of 72 next to your Verbal score, it means that 72 percent of the people who took this test scored lower than you did on the Verbal section.

許多商學院傾向於將重點放在總成績上,這意味著您可以通過在另一個領域表現出色來彌補一個領域的劣勢。例如,如果您的定量技能勝於口頭表達技能,它們將幫助您提高總成績-儘管一些選擇程度更高的學校表示,他們更希望看到數學和言語子成績保持平衡。根據GMAC的統計,三分之二的應試者獲得的總成績在400到600之間。總得分以十點為增量遞增或遞減。換句話說,您可能會在GMAT上收到490或500,但從沒有收到494或495。

 

綜合推理部分的得分為1分至8分(單點遞增)。問題有多個部分,您必須正確回答每個部分才能獲得問題的榮譽。綜合推理分數不包括在總體分數中。

 

“分析寫作評估”部分的得分基於一份論據分析論文的提交。論文被獨立評分兩次,取平均值。論文的評分者之一可以是自動論文評分引擎。

 

您還將在每個分數旁邊看到一個百分位排名。例如,如果您在口頭成績旁看到一個百分位數為72,則意味著參加此測試的人中有72%的分數低於您在“口頭”部分的得分。

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