Imagine for a moment that you are a contestant on Jeopardy. You are hoping to stumble upon a coveted Daily Double, but first you’ve got to answer every question that gets thrown your way.

 

As you answer assorted questions about myriad topics (including “Potent Potables,” no doubt), you wish that there were some way that you could know where the Daily Doubles are placed on the board and jump to those. But you can’t—you can’t opt to skip any of the questions and continue to dominate that game.

想像一下您是“危險”競賽的參與者。 您希望偶然發現令人垂涎的Daily Double,但是首先,您必須回答遇到的所有問題。

 

當您回答有關無數主題的各種問題(毫無疑問,包括“有力的食材”)時,您希望有某種方式可以知道每日雙打在董事會上的位置並跳轉到這些位置。 但是您不能-您不能選擇跳過任何問題並繼續主導遊戲。

Let’s Make a GMAT

Normally when you don’t know the correct answer on a test, you skip the question and come back to it later. But on the computer-adaptive sections of the GMAT, as in Jeopardy, you can never skip the question.

讓我們做一個GMAT

通常,當您不知道測試的正確答案時,可以跳過該問題,稍後再返回。 但是,就像在《危險》中一樣,在GMAT的計算機自適應部分中,您永遠也不會跳過這個問題。

To Get to the Next Question, You Have to Answer This One

 

Because of the way the computer-adaptive sections of the GMAT’s scoring algorithm works, the question you see on your computer screen at any particular moment depends on your response to the previous question. This creates an odd situation for the test designers: if they allowed you to skip a question, they wouldn’t know which question to give you next.

 

It’s clear from articles published by GMAT test designers that they know test-takers are at a real disadvantage when they can’t skip a problem and come back to it later. Still, the idea of using a computer to administer tests was too tempting to give up. In the end, GMAC decided that you should generously be willing to make the sacrifice in the name of progress.

 

So whether you know the answer to a problem or not, you have to answer it in order to move on.

 

This means that, like it or not, you may have to do some guessing on the GMAT. Ah, but there’s guessing, and then there’s guessing.

要獲得下一個問題,您必須回答這個問題

 

由於GMAT評分算法的計算機自適應部分的工作方式,您在任何特定時刻在計算機屏幕上看到的問題取決於您對前一個問題的回答。這給測試設計師帶來了一個奇怪的情況:如果他們允許您跳過一個問題,那麼他們將不知道接下來要問您哪個問題。

 

從GMAT測試設計師發布的文章中可以清楚地了解到,如果他們無法跳過某個問題並稍後再討論,那麼他們將處於真正的劣勢。儘管如此,使用計算機來管理測試的想法還是很誘人的。最後,GMAC決定您應該以進步的名義慷慨地做出犧牲。

 

因此,無論您是否知道問題的答案,都必須回答它才能繼續前進。

 

這意味著,無論您是否喜歡,您都可能需要對GMAT進行一些猜測。啊,但是有猜測,然後有猜測。

If You Don’t Know the Correct Answer, Don’t You Dare Just Pick an Answer at Random

This may sound a little loony, but it turns out that you don’t always have to know the correct answer to get a question correct.

 

Try answering the following question:

 

What is the unit of currency in Sweden?

 

What? You don’t know?

 

Unless you work for an international bank or have traveled in Scandinavia, there is no reason why you would know the unit of currency in Sweden. (By the way, the GMAT doesn’t ask such factual questions. We’re using this one to make a point.) As it stands now, because you don’t know the answer, you would have to answer this question at random, right?

 

Not necessarily. GMAT questions are written in multiple-choice format. One of the five choices has to be the answer. You just have to find it.

如果您不知道正確的答案,那麼您敢不敢隨機選擇一個答案

這聽起來有些笨拙,但事實證明,您不一定總是要知道正確的答案才能正確回答問題。

 

嘗試回答以下問題:

 

瑞典的貨幣單位是多少?

 

什麼? 你不知道嗎

 

除非您在一家國際銀行工作或曾在斯堪的納維亞旅行,否則您沒有理由知道瑞典的貨幣單位。 (順便說一句,GMAT不會提出這樣的事實性問題。我們正在用這一點來說明問題。)目前看來,因為您不知道答案,所以您必須隨機回答這個問題。 , 對?

 

不必要。 GMAT問題以多項選擇的形式編寫。 五個選擇之一必須是答案。 您只需要找到它。

Look for Wrong Answers Instead of Correct Ones

Let’s put this question into multiple-choice format—the only format you’ll find on the GMAT—and see if you still want to answer at random.

 

What is the unit of currency in Sweden?

 

the dollar

 

the franc

 

the pound sterling

 

the yen

 

the krona

尋找錯誤的答案,而不是正確的答案

讓我們將此問題放入多項選擇格式(這是您在GMAT上可以找到的唯一格式),看看您是否仍然想隨機回答。

 

瑞典的貨幣單位是多少?

 

美元

 

法郎

 

英鎊

 

日元

 

克朗

PROCESS OF ELIMINATION

Suddenly this question isn’t difficult anymore. You may not have known the correct answer, but you certainly knew enough to eliminate the wrong answers. Wrong answers are often easier to spot than correct answers. Sometimes they just sound weird. Other times they’re logically impossible. While it is rare to be able to eliminate all four of the incorrect answer choices on the GMAT, you will almost always be able to eliminate at least one of them—and frequently two or more—by using Process of Elimination. Process of Elimination (POE for short) will enable you to answer questions that you don’t have the time to figure out exactly. We will refer to POE frequently throughout this book. It is one of the most important and fundamental tools you will use to increase your score.

排除法

突然,這個問題不再困難了。 您可能尚未知道正確的答案,但是您當然知道足以消除錯誤的答案。 錯誤的答案通常比正確的答案更容易發現。 有時他們聽起來很奇怪。 在其他情況下,從邏輯上講則不可能。 雖然很少能夠消除GMAT上所有四個不正確的答案選擇,但您幾乎總是可以使用消除過程消除其中至少一個-通常是兩個或更多。 淘汰流程(簡稱POE)使您能夠回答沒有時間確切解決的問題。 在本書中,我們會經常提到POE。 它是您用來提高分數的最重要和最基本的工具之一。

Try another example:

 

Which of the following countries uses the peso as its unit of currency?

Russia

 

Canada

 

Venezuela

 

England

 

Chile

 

This time you can probably get rid of only three of the five answer choices using POE. The answer is clearly not Russia, Canada, or England, but most people probably don’t know for sure whether the answer is Venezuela or Chile.

 

You’ve got the question down to two possibilities. What should you do?

嘗試另一個示例:

 

以下哪個國家/地區使用比索作為貨幣單位?

俄國

 

加拿大

 

委內瑞拉

 

英國

 

智利

 

這次,您可能可以擺脫使用POE的五個答案選擇中的三個。 答案顯然不是俄羅斯,加拿大或英國,但大多數人可能不確定不確定答案是委內瑞拉還是智利。

 

您將問題歸結為兩種可能性。 你該怎麼辦?

Heads or Tails

A Chilean might flip a peso. You have a 50/50 chance of getting this question correct, which is much better than if you had guessed at random. And because the GMAT forces you to guess anyway, it makes sense to guess intelligently.

 

In the chapters that follow, we’ll show you specific ways to make use of POE to increase your score. You may feel uncomfortable about using these techniques at first, but the sooner you make them your own, the sooner you’ll start to improve your score.

正面還是反面

智利人可能會擲比索。 您有50/50的機會正確回答此問題,這比隨機猜測的要好得多。 而且由於GMAT仍然會迫使您進行猜測,因此明智地進行猜測是有意義的。

 

在接下來的章節中,我們將向您展示利用POE提高得分的具體方法。 剛開始使用這些技術時,您可能會感到不舒服,但是您越早將它們變成自己的技術,就越早開始提高自己的分數。

Is It Fair to Get a Question Correct When You Don’t Know the Answer?

If you took any math courses in college, you probably remember that the correct answer to a problem, while important, wasn’t the only thing you were graded on. Your professor was probably more interested in how you got the answer, whether you wrote an elegant equation, or if you used the right formula.

 

If your equation was correct but you messed up your addition at the end, did you get the entire question wrong? Most college professors give partial credit for an answer like that. After all, what’s most important is the mental process that goes into getting the answer, not the answer alone.

 

On the GMAT, if you don’t click the correct circle with your mouse, you’re wrong. It doesn’t matter that you knew how to do the problem or that you clicked the wrong answer by mistake. GMAC doesn’t care: you’re just wrong. And a wrong answer means that the running score GMAC is keeping on you will go down by 10 or 20 points, and you’ll be forced to answer several easier questions correctly before you get back to the level at which you were.

 

This really isn’t fair. It seems only fitting that you should also be able to benefit from the flip side of this situation: if you click on the correct circle, GMAC doesn’t care how you got that answer either.

不知道答案時回答正確的問題是否公平?

如果您在大學上過任何數學課程,您可能會記得,對問題的正確答案雖然很重要,但並不是唯一的評分依據。無論您寫的是一個優雅的方程式,還是使用了正確的公式,您的教授都可能對如何獲得答案更感興趣。

 

如果您的方程式是正確的,但是最後您弄亂了加法運算,那麼您將整個問題弄錯了嗎?大多數大學教授都對這樣的答案給予了部分讚譽。畢竟,最重要的是獲得答案的心理過程,而不是僅僅獲得答案。

 

在GMAT上,如果您沒有用鼠標單擊正確的圓圈,則表示您錯了。知道如何解決問題或錯誤地單擊錯誤答案都沒關係。 GMAC不在乎:您只是錯了。錯誤的答案意味著GMAC保持的跑步成績將下降10或20分,並且您將被迫正確回答一些更簡單的問題,然後再回到原來的水平。

 

這真的不公平。您似乎也應該能夠從這種情況的另一面受益,這似乎很合適:如果您單擊正確的圓圈,那麼GMAC也不在乎您如何獲得該答案。

Scratch Work

Process of Elimination is a powerful tool, but it’s powerful only if you keep track of the answer choices you’ve eliminated. On a computer-adaptive test, you obviously can’t cross off choices on the screen—but you can cross them off on your scratch paper. Don’t be afraid to use it!

 

You only have so many tools at your disposal, and the scratch paper the testing center provides is one of them. Many test-takers often ignore the scratch paper—especially on the Verbal side of the test. Don’t be one of them! Use the scratch paper to keep track of eliminated answer choices, jot down notes about questions and passages, and keep yourself organized.

 

The bottom line about scratch paper:

 

Make the test easier on your brain by writing things down instead of keeping them in your head.

從頭開始

消除過程是一個強大的工具,但是只有當您跟踪已消除的答案選擇時,它才是強大的工具。 在支持計算機的測試中,您顯然無法在屏幕上劃掉選擇,但可以在草稿紙上劃掉它們。 不要害怕使用它!

 

您只有這麼多工具可供使用,測試中心提供的草稿便是其中之一。 許多應試者通常會忽略草稿,尤其是在測試的語言方面。 不要成為其中之一! 使用草稿紙跟踪已刪除的答案選擇,記下有關問題和段落的註釋,並使自己井井有條。

 

關於草稿紙的底線是:

 

通過寫下來的東西而不是放在腦海中,使您的大腦更容易進行測試。

Summary

Because of the way the GMAT is designed, you will be forced to answer questions whether or not you know the correct answer.

 

However, not knowing the exact answer to a question does not mean that you have to get it wrong.

 

When you don’t know the correct answer to a question, look for wrong answers instead. This is called POE, or Process of Elimination.

概要

由於GMAT的設計方式,無論您是否知道正確的答案,都將被迫回答問題。

 

但是,不知道問題的確切答案並不意味著您必須弄錯它。

 

如果您不知道問題的正確答案,請尋找錯誤的答案。 這稱為POE或消除過程。

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